Lung cancer expected to surpass breast cancer in European women but in the U.S. breast cancer is only exceed by lung cancer
By the middle of this decade lung cancer is expected to surpass breast cancer as the main cause of death in European women. In the United Kingdom, Poland and Ontario, lung cancer is now the main cause of death in women. In the United States lung cancer is not that far off from breast cancer with a difference of around 4,000 cases.
A new study conducted by researchers in Milan, Italy and Lausanne, Switzerland, surmise that slightly over 1.3 million people will die from cancer in 27 countries of the European Union in 2013.
The actual numbers have increased in comparison to 2009. In the United States estimated numbers show that cancer deaths are expected to increase in comparison to 2009 by an estimated 18,000 more deaths.
Lung cancer death rates continue to climb among women in all countries. In European countries it is estimated 88,886 deaths from breast cancer (14.6 per 100,000 women) and 82,640 deaths (14 per 100,000 women) from lung cancer. Lung cancer deaths have risen by 7% among women since 2009. The American Cancer Society estimates that in 2013 there will be 159,480 deaths from cancer among that number 72,220 will be women. Lung cancer is by far the leading cause of cancer death among both men and women. Each year, more people die of lung cancer than of colon, breast, and prostate cancers combined.
Professor Carlo La Vecchia, MD, M.S.c, Head of the Department of Epidemiology at the Mario Negri, ISI highly cited researcher (scientific researchers whose publications are most often cited in academic journals over the past decade), one of the study’s author stated “If these opposite trends in breast and lung cancer rates continue, then in 2015 lung cancer is going to become the first cause of cancer mortality in Europe. This is already true in the UK and Poland, the two countries with the highest rates: 21.2 and 17.5 per 100,000 women respectively.”
In the United States breast cancer incident among women is 21.2 per 100,000 and lung cancer risk is one in 16 women.
The study looked at cancer rates in the whole of the EU (27 member states as at 2007) and also in six individual countries; France, Germany, Italy, Poland, Spain and the UK — for all cancers, and, individually, for stomach, intestine, pancreas, lung, prostate, breast, uterus (including cervix) and leukemia’s. This is the third consecutive year the researchers have published predicted EU cancer deaths. Last year they predicted deaths for 2012.
Professor Fabio Levi, MD, Head of the Cancer Epidemiology Unit at the Institute of Social and Preventive Medicine, Centre Hospitalier Universitaire Vaudois and University of Lausanne, Switzerland commented “If more people could be helped and encouraged to give up smoking, or not to take it up in the first place, hundreds of thousands of deaths from cancer could be avoided each year in Europe.
According to the American Heart Association, smokers who quit between ages 35-39 add an average of 6-9 years to their lives. Smokers who quit between ages 65-69 increase their life expectancy by 1 – 4 years.
In their conclusion the researchers write; “Favorable trends will continue in 2013. Pancreatic cancer has become the fourth cause of cancer death in both sexes, while in a few years lung cancer will likely become the first cause of cancer mortality in women as well, overtaking breast cancer.”
This new research is published in the cancer journal Annals of Oncology.
You can decrease your risk of getting cancer by numerous ways. To find out how to cut your risk visit the CDC website or click this link.