With the range of diverse needs students can present today, as well as the requirement to keep up to date with rapidly changing information, it is vital that teachers teach their students not just what to learn, but how to learn.
Metacognition, an important concept for any teacher, is essentionally ‘thinking about thinking’. It helps allow students to become involved in the learning process and be an active participant in their own learning and understanding.
– Teach students to ask questions when presented with new information (self-questioning)
– Activate prior knowledge when learning something which can help them make connections and activate their ‘schema’
– Teach students the importance of using their brain in the learning process and how the brain functions
– Have students survey or scan the page/materials looking for headings, bold print, graphics, etc…
– Read material/break tasks in small chunks so it is more manageable
-Use mnemonic devices for remembering
Learning strategies like these help teach students to monitor their own learning, when and how to use these specific skills and gives them the tools to effectively address new learning situations.
Reference from Learning Disabilities Association of Ontario